For probably the most half, the signs of HIV are the results of infections attributable to micro organism, viruses, fungi, and/or parasites.
Stage 1: Signs of early HIV an infection
Many individuals with HIV haven’t any signs for a number of months to even years after changing into contaminated. Others might develop signs just like flu, normally 2-6 weeks after catching the virus.
The signs of early HIV an infection might embrace:
• joint ache
• muscle aches
• sore throat
• sweats (significantly at evening)
• enlarged glands
• a pink rash
• weak point
• unintentional weight reduction
Stage 2: Asymptomatic HIV
In lots of instances, after the preliminary signs disappear, there is not going to be any additional signs for a few years.
Throughout this time, the virus carries on growing and damaging HIV Test the immune system and organs. With out being on medicines to cease HIV’s replication, this course of can take as much as 10 years on common. The contaminated individual usually experiences no signs, feels properly, and seems wholesome.
Stage three: Late-stage HIV an infection
If left untreated, HIV weakens the power to struggle an infection. The individual turns into susceptible to critical sicknesses. This stage of an infection is named AIDS.
Signs of late-stage HIV an infection might embrace:
• blurred imaginative and prescient
• diarrhea, which is normally persistent or power
• dry cough
• fever of above 100 °F (37 °C) lasting for weeks
• evening sweats
• everlasting tiredness
• shortness of breath (dyspnea)
• swollen glands lasting for weeks
• unintentional weight reduction
• white spots on the tongue or mouth
Throughout late-stage HIV an infection, the danger of growing a life-threatening sickness is way higher. Life-threatening sicknesses could also be managed, prevented, and/or handled with correct medicines, usually together with HIV therapy.
HIV and AIDS myths and information
There are numerous misconceptions about HIV and AIDS. The virus CANNOT be transmitted from:
• shaking arms
• informal kissing
• touching the unbroken pores and skin
• utilizing the identical bathroom
• sharing towels
• sharing cutlery
• mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
• or different types of “informal contact”
Prognosis of HIV and AIDS
The CDC (Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention) estimate that about 1 in each eight HIV-positive Individuals is unaware of their HIV-status.
HIV blood checks and outcomes
Prognosis is made by way of a blood check that screens particularly for the virus. If the HIV virus has been discovered, the check result’s “optimistic.” The blood is re-tested a number of instances earlier than a optimistic result’s given to the affected person.
If an individual has been uncovered to the virus, it’s essential that they get examined as quickly as potential. The sooner HIV is detected, the extra seemingly the therapy shall be profitable. A house testing package can be utilized as properly.
After an infection with HIV, it may possibly take from three weeks to six months for the virus to indicate up in testing. Re-testing could also be essential. If the second a affected person was most prone to an infection was inside the final 6 months, they will have the check instantly. Nonetheless, the supplier will urge that one other check be carried out inside a number of weeks.
HIV an infection could cause AIDS to develop. Nonetheless, it’s potential to be contaminated with HIV with out growing AIDS. With out therapy, the HIV an infection can progress and, ultimately, it can turn into AIDS within the overwhelming majority of instances. As soon as somebody has acquired an AIDS prognosis, it can at all times carry over with them of their medical historical past.